Cambridge University Press,
As a result of a volcanic disaster, the massive eruption of nearby Mt. Vesuviusthe city was covered by a blanket of ash.
It suffocated all life, and remained lost to the known world from the time the eruption in 79 A. D until an archaeological discovery in A. On 5th February, 62 A. D, some seventeen years prior to the 79 A.
D volcanic eruption that finally suffocated Pompeii, an enormous earthquake occurred. In hindsight, this was an ominous sign, foretelling the seismic activity to come nearly two decades later. For seventeen years Pompeii concentrated on restoring the damages that the earthquake had caused.
Suddenly, without warning on 20th August, 79 A. D the earth began to crack and thunder as all the living things became restless and anxious for the awaiting disaster. At last, on the morning of 24th August, 79 A.
D, the volcano Mt. Vesuvius exploded with its thick, heavy volcanic ash and sulphuric gas as it descended in enormous amounts by the side Urban life in pompeii and herculaneum essay hot embers and rocks heading towards the cities of Pompeii and nearby Herculaneum. The citizens of Pompeii tried to escape the horrifying disaster but the volcanic ashes chocked and suffocated every living thing covering the cities with molten ash which was approximately twenty feet deep.
Much incite into the real events of the fateful day in August 79 A. D, have come from the now famous, Pliny the Younger, a resident of Pompeii, who recorded the events in two letters to a well known historian of the era. These letters were written in Latin, the language of ancient Rome, and described what appears to be an accurate account of his personal observations.
The letters were given serious credibility during the 16th century. The letters were written to the historian Cornelius Tacitus: Vesuvius, which covered the whole town, nearby cities and the surrounding sea. Pliny wrote in his letters that quite a few earth tremors were felt at the time of the eruption.
He also distinguished that the volcanic ash descended in very thick layers and the village he was living in, had to be evacuated. He wrote that the sun was blocked out by the eruption and the daylight hours were left in shadows of darkness.
Pompeii and Herculaneum were not touched for nearly seventeen hundred years when the first scientific excavation started on 23rd March, Methodical excavation was undertaken.
Fiorelli developed the technique of making plaster casts of the victims of the eruption to recreate the forms of plants, human bodies and anything that had been covered by the volcanic ash. What remained after so many years, was a hole, shaped in the form of the plant, person or thing that was trapped in the ash for seventeen hundred years.
Many things in Pompeii were preserved, including paintings and buildings, which left hints for archaeologists to discover and help solve the mystery of this marvellous city, and give an incite into the lives of human civilization at the time of the volcanic disaster.
Rome, a city always famous for its water and wastewater systems was not destroyed like Pompeii, as it was safely many kilometres away.
However, similar water systems had been highly developed in Pompeii prior to 79 A. D, by Roman architects and engineers. The Pompeiians received their water via an aquaduct built by the Romans. From there, water ran into three main lead pipes branching off to smaller pipes taking the water under the footpaths of the city to the various water towers.
This water was provided for a variety of uses such as fountains, public baths and entertainment. The water from the aquaducts reached only the lower part of the buildings.
The citizens of Pompeii, who were on the upper floors had to go and get water from the nearest fountain themselves. Since fire was a constant concern, Pompeiians were encouraged to keep water stored in their rooms. In first century A.New research has immensely impacted on our understanding of daily life in both Pompeii and Herculaneum.
Experts in archaeology, science and other fields have revealed copious amounts of information about people, buildings and food found in the two cities prior to the eruption in 62 AD. Ancient History of Pompeii and Herculaneum Essay Pompeii and Herculaneum are unique and remarkable because of their extraordinary state of preservation.
No other archaeological site gives us so much information about life in ancient Rome. Pompeii and Herculaneum were buried in the volcanic eruption in 79AD in different ways. New research has immensely impacted on our understanding of daily life in both Pompeii and Herculaneum.
Experts in archaeology, science and other fields have revealed copious amounts of information about people, buildings and food found in the two cities prior to the eruption in 62 AD. It suffocated all life, and remained lost to the known world from the time the eruption in 79 A.D until an archaeological discovery in A.D.
On 5th February, 62 A.D, some seventeen years prior to the 79 A.D volcanic eruption that finally suffocated Pompeii, an enormous earthquake occurred. Urban Life In Pompeii and Herculaneum. Essay by cookiemonster17, High School, 11th grade, A, April download word file, 3 pages download word file, 3 pages 3 votes5/5(3).
Urban Life In Pompeii and Herculaneum. The ancient cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum were once alive with activity beore the erruption of Mt Vesuvius in 79AD. In.