Introduction The Columbian Exchange transformed both sides of the Atlantic, but with dramatically disparate outcomes.
Spanish American wars of independence Spanish colonialization in the Americas. The Libertadores Spanish and Portuguese for "Liberators" were the principal leaders of the Spanish American wars of independence. They were predominantly criollos Americas-born people of European ancestry, mostly Spanish or Portuguesebourgeois and influenced by liberalism and in some cases with military training in the mother country.
In the first declarations of independence from Spanish rule occurred in the Viceroyalty of New Granada. In Mexico declared independence, with the Mexican War of Independence following for over a decade. The Plan of Iguala was part of the peace treaty to establish a constitutional foundation for an independent Mexico.
The ideas from the French and the American Revolution influenced the efforts. All of the colonies, except Cuba and Puerto Rico, attained independence by the s. The British Empire offered support, wanting to end the Spanish monopoly on trade with its colonies in the Americas.
Spanish possession and rule of its remaining colonies in the Americas ended in that year with its sovereignty transferred to the United States. Puerto Rico continues to be a possession of the United States, now officially continues as a self-governing unincorporated territory.
Demographic impact[ edit ] It has been estimated that over 1. In Peru the indigenous Amerindian pre-contact population of around 6. Of the history of the indigenous population of CaliforniaSherburne F. Cook — was the most painstakingly careful researcher.
From decades of research he made estimates for the pre-contact population and the history of demographic decline during the Spanish and post-Spanish periods.
According to Cook, the indigenous Californian population at first contact, inwas aboutand had dropped to 25, by The vast majority of the decline happened after the Spanish period, during the Mexican and US periods of Californian history —with the most dramatic collapseto 25, occurring in the US period —Compare and Contrast the British, French and Spanish Empires in America.
Spain found a few furs and some gold when they came over. They're main focus other than those two things was converting indians to Christianity This lead to Popes Rebellion which involved the indians. France Started colonizing. The Catholic Monarchs had developed a strategy of marriages for their children in order to isolate their long-time enemy: France.
The Spanish princesses married the heirs of Portugal, England and the House of iridis-photo-restoration.coming the same strategy, the Catholic Monarchs decided to support the Aragonese house of Naples against Charles VIII of France in the Italian Wars beginning in Scenario Downloads; Colonysav (25Kbytes) This scenario has the major Colonial cities of each power, in their correct locations.
Compare and contrast Spanish and British colonization efforts in North America prior to Prior to , both Spanish and British colonization efforts expanded into various regions of North America. British and Spanish colonization of America differed in terms of their approach and backing, as well as in their religious and social standing. Spanish explorers were authorized by their monarchy to conquer new territory for the Spanish empire in order to increase trade and spread Catholicism. COLONIZATION AND SETTLEMENT (–) English, French, and Spanish Colonies: A Comparison © Media Projects Incorporated Published by Facts on File Inc.
It gives a good insight into the history of the Americas, the Spanish do conquer the Aztecs and Incas, but their Empire is so large .
COLONIZATION AND SETTLEMENT (–) English, French, and Spanish Colonies: A Comparison © Media Projects Incorporated Published by Facts on File Inc. Spain had a one-hundred-year head start on New World colonization, and a jealous England eyed the enormous wealth that Spain gleaned.
The Protestant Reformation had shaken England, but Elizabeth I assumed the English crown in Although there are many differences between the Spanish encomiendas and the English colonies, the basic idea of much cultural exchange is the same, for as it is seen, it is rare to see Native Americans in North America and .